Urological Check Up

Urological check-up refers to one of the detailed examinations that is extremely important for men’s health. A complete physical examination and determination of PSA are essential for all men who have reached the age of 50 to detect various urological disorders and certain types of cancer, such as prostate cancer.

What is Urological Check Up?

Urological check-up is a routine general examination of the male genitourinary system, consisting of various medical tests requested by the urologist for the diagnosis and treatment of problems with the male reproductive and sexual system and urination.

How Often Is Urological Check Up Performed?

All men over the age of 50 should see a urologist once a year for a complete urological check-up. It is recommended to start from the age of 40 in cases with a family history of prostate cancer. Of course, no matter what the age of men, it shouldn't take long to see a urologist before any discomfort with urination or reproductive system arises.

Tests Performed During Urological Check Up

Physical Examination

The urologist examines the abdomen, kidney and bladder area, as well as the penis, scrotum, and testicles. Because of its importance, digital rectal examination and prostate examination come to the fore. This is a painless test that takes a few seconds. Digital rectal examination alone is not useful for detecting prostate cancer at an early stage. But together with the PSA it offers very reliable information.

Urological Ultrasound

It is useful in voiding discomfort or other clinical conditions that trigger it. There are different methods such as transrectal ultrasound of the prostate, which makes it possible to perform a prostate biopsy if there are signs of prostate cancer, or testicular ultrasound if testicular tumours are suspected.

Urine Flow Measurement

The patient should urinate in a portable toilet to measure the amount of urine excreted during urination, the duration of urination, the peak of the maximum voided flow delivered, and the mean value of the urinary flow. With this test, the urologist can suspect an obstruction in the exit of urine from the bladder or a weakness in the contraction of the bladder muscle.


It is done to detect if there is blood in the urine or more serious pathologies such as urinary infections or a kidney or bladder tumour. It is very important to identify PSA, a protein produced by the epithelial cells of the prostate that increases its level in the blood when prostate tumour cells are present.